Rehabilitation, which requires psychotherapy and symptomatic therapy, is known to be the safest type of multiple sclerosis care today. Before the beginning of the recovery period, an in-depth medical examination of functional ability and treatment plan should be carried out. The mental state, neurological status and patient knowledge should be taken into account in the diagnosis. It seeks to retain and strengthen physical and mental skills, as well as to enable you to adjust to any changes in functioning. Rehabilitation, from the time of diagnosis until death, is an integral aspect of overall disease treatment.
Prevention, diagnosis, immediate care, long-term treatment, community integration, and end-of-life management are included in this process. Clinical recommendations to meet the ‘best practice’ standard are guiding this organized model of appropriate treatment. The aim is to have adequate care in the disease phase at the perfect time. The elimination of secondary disabilities and handicaps, as well as medical problems, is also part of the duties of the team. In almost every setting, the optimal overall health of a patient is attainable.
A big focus of the rehabilitation team is to maximize the quality of life. The recovery team acknowledges the importance of combining diverse expectations of quality-of-life to influence the functioning of the patient in both the physiological and cognitive environment. The team should include Physiotherapist, Occupational therapist, speech-language pathologist, Neuropsychologist, etc. An integral aspect of continuous treatment for MS patients is interdisciplinary team rehabilitation. The success of rehabilitation, which treats disabilities, conditions, and handicaps, has been recorded in various studies.
In addition to the required MS treatments, the emphasis early in the disease course involves responding to changes caused by MS inside the body of patients, their families, their vocations and activism, and their psychological condition. The effect of possible symptoms will be reduced by a proactive approach to wellness, education and maintenance, exercise and energy conservation, jobs, and relationships. Rehabilitation is intended to reduce complications and mitigate functional impairment later in the phase of the illness; particular symptoms treated are fatigue, spasticity, mobility, memory, mood, pain, speech and swallowing, as well as bladder, intestine, and sexual dysfunction. To encourage a higher quality of life, the recovery team works with patients and families on both physical and psychosocial problems. The quality of life relies on maximizing one’s wellbeing, maintaining healthy relationships, feeling positive and undertaking innovative efforts.